How to Properly Wear a Face Mask and Wash Your Hands

How to Properly Wear a Face Mask and Wash Your Hands 

We are currently experiencing a global pandemic with the Coronavirus, we are living in unprecedented times, it is vital that we adhere to strict hygiene protocols to minimize the spread of the disease. We can all play a role in reducing the spread by washing our hands and wearing good quality face masks. In this article, we will highlight exactly how to properly wear a face mask and wash your hands. Considering there is no official Coronavirus vaccine, it is vital that we diligently uphold measures to reduce the unnecessary spread of the disease. 

Steps You Can Take to Protect Yourself and Others Against The Coronavirus 

Wash Your Hands Regularly 

One of the most essential precautionary measures that you should be undertaking often is washing your hands. It is simple yet so important, the most effective way of removing germs from your hands is to wash your hands with antibacterial soap and water for a minimum of 20 seconds. Always use running, clean water and wash between your fingers, underneath your nails, and just passed your wrists. Do not neglect this regular exercise, pay closer attention to washing your hands when you have just been outside or on public transport. 

Always remember to thoroughly wash your hands after coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose. 

If you do not have soap and water, utilize high-quality hand sanitizer. Make sure the hand sanitizer you use is made up of at least 60% alcohol. Use the hand sanitizer according to the instructions on the packaging. 

Remember to refrain from touching your eyes, mouth, face or nose with unclean hands. 


Here are some more Coronavirus Tips: 

Practice Social Distancing 


  • Stay indoors unless you absolutely need to go outside 
  • Stay 2 meters apart when you do come into contact with people 
  • If you do need to go outside, wear a mask(learn more about how to wear a mask properly later on in the article). 
  • Stay away from people who might have a weak immune system, for example, elderly people over the age of 70. Even if you are not displaying any symptoms, it is best to take precautions and stay away. 

Wear a Face Mask 

There are various types of facemasks to choose from, face masks with ties, and face masks with elastic bands that fit around the ears. Remember that face masks are designed to be used as a precautionary measure, still practice social distancing if you are wearing a face mask. Even if you are wearing a high-quality face mask with a filter, continue to practice social distancing. The Coronavirus can spread even if a person experiences no symptoms at all. Therefore, it is better to be safe than sorry. 


How to Properly Wear a Face Mask 

Cloth Mask 

Centers for disease control and Prevention have recommended that all persons over the age of 2 years old should wear a protective face mask when in public places. Even if you are not experiencing symptoms, it is still recommended that you wear one. 

Cloth masks are recommended especially for people that do not have any symptoms. They can be made at home with a breathable material such as cotton, and they should cover the nose and the mouth properly. Face Masks with ties are often made with a breathable cloth and they are relatively easy to make or you can purchase one from a pharmacy or online. 

Cloth masks are not recommended for healthcare workers or for people who are displaying symptoms. 

Cloth masks should be washed straight away after using them. Exercise caution when taking them off, do not allow the mask to come into contact with your eyes, nose, or mouth. Clean your hands with antibacterial soap and water as soon as you remove the mask. 

Caution: Wearing a cloth mask can never take the place of social distancing and staying at home as much as possible. However, if you really do need to go out, wear your cloth mask and try to maintain a safe distance from other members of the public. 

Surgical Masks

Surgical masks are the face coverings worn by medical workers, they are disposable and are made with a special breathable, protective material. They are designed to protect the user from infectious liquids or droplets that are released when people sneeze or cough. If an infected person wears the mask, it protects others around them from breathing in infectious droplets. These masks should not be worn for more than 8 hours at a time. 

Caution: Wearing a surgical mask will not protect you from any airborne contaminants therefore, to be safe, it is best to stay at home or maintain social distancing even when you are wearing a mask. 

95 Respirator Masks

These masks are specifically designed to prevent the inhalation of minute infectious droplets that contain viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 and other viruses. These respirators are in short supply globally and should really be reserved for healthcare workers. They should be specially fitted, they also can feel very tight and uncomfortable therefore, cloth masks are the most appropriate choice for everyday use. 

How To Use a Face Mask if You Have The Coronavirus

If you are experiencing coronavirus symptoms, you should avoid leaving the house unless you need to receive urgent medical assistance. If you do leave the house to receive medical attention, always wear a cloth face-mask or a face-mask with a filter. Learn how to properly wear a face mask and wash your hands to reduce the risk of spreading the virus. 


How to properly use a facemask:

  1. Wash your hands properly using antibacterial soap and running water. If running water is not available make use of a high quality 60% alcohol proof hand sanitizer gel. You can also use rubbing alcohol in a spray bottle as an alternative to store-bought hand sanitizer. 
  2. Prior to wearing the mask, check for any damage to the mask 
  3. Find the metal strip inside the mask 
  4. Turn the mask to make sure that the colored part is facing outside. 
  5. Put the mask on so the top bit is laying flat on your nose-bridge. 
  6. Place the elasticated straps around the back of your ears, or if you are using a facemask with ties, tie the cords around the back of your head. 
  7. Make sure the mask fully covering your mouth, nose and chin area 
  8. Make sure you avoid placing your hands on the mask once it has been properly fitted. If you do have to touch the mask, ensure that you wash your hands with antibacterial soap and running water afterward, or use hand sanitizer gel instead. 
  9. When removing the mask, carefully take it off whilst avoiding touching the front part of the mask. Get rid of it straight away and wash your hands thoroughly with antibacterial soap and running water. 

Other Safety Precautions 

You should be employing other safety measures such as covering coughs and sneezes with a clean tissue and disposing of the tissue immediately after use. Wash your hands straight away after disposing of the tissue  


You can take precautionary measures by paying close attention to overall household cleanliness. Use disinfectant spray and wipes to clean surfaces such as tabletops, doorknobs, and light switches. Be vigilant about keeping germs at bay, and clean surfaces when you or anyone in your family sneezes or coughs.